The Security Council (SC) was established in 1945 through the United Nations Charter as one of the six main organs of the United Nations. By mandate, its primary responsibility is to maintain international peace and security. Resolutions passed by the SC are the only ones which are binding and must be carried out by Member States. The SC is composed of 15 member at all times; five permanent members (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), each of whom retain the ability to veto and remove a resolution from contention, and ten rotating members. The council address a multitude of global issues such as terrorist acts, non-proliferation, and situations within countries such as Libya, Cyprus and the Middle East.
The topic this committee will consider at WASMUN 2020:
1. Situation in Afghanistan
2. Children and armed conflict