The Security Council was established in 1945 through the Charter of the United Nations as one of the 6main organs of the United Nations (UN). By mandate, its primary responsibility is to maintain international peace and security. Resolutions passed by the SC are the only ones which are binding and must be carried out by Member States. The SC is composed of 15 member at all times; five permanent members (China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States), each of whom retain the ability to veto and remove a resolution from contention, and ten rotating members. The council addresses a multitude of global issues such as terrorist acts, non-proliferation, and situations within countries such as Libya, Cyprus, and Afghanistan.
The topics considered at WASMUN 2020:
I. The situation in Afghanistan
II. Children and armed conflict